Over 10 lakh additional seats are likely to be created across all higher education institutes to implement the 10% reservation announced by the Centre on Monday. An assessment by the Centre has revealed that IITs, IIMs, central universities, state government institutes and private universities will have to increase student intake to fulfil additional quota obligation. The current annual student intake across all higher education institutes is about one crore. Accordingly, 10 lakh additional seats would be needed, government sources said.
The modalities of implementing such a quota are yet to be worked out. Over 180 institutes — including IIMs; 23 IITs; 91 institutes of national importance which include AIIMS, NITs, IIITs, eight researchbased institutes such as IISc Bangalore and IISERs; 41 central universities and others — come under the Union HRD ministry. All deemed to be universities and other private universities under UGC will also come under the quota regime.
In total, there are 903 universities, 39,050 colleges and 10,011 standalone institutions as per an All-India Survey on Higher Education, 2017-18. The survey has estimated that total enrolment in higher education is about 36 million, with Scheduled Castes constituting 14.4%, Scheduled Tribes 5.2%, 35% other backward classes, 5% Muslims and 2.2% other minority communities.