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5 Most Famous Caves To Visit in India

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23rd May, 2020 10:13 IST

India, the land of impeccable natural beauty is dotted with innumerable caves that rightly states about the grandeur of its natural landscapes. Just like the unprecedented climatic variation in different parts of the country, the caves do depict a varied scenic charm and interest every travel loving soul. While the caves of Ajanta and Ellora seek attention of the travellers for depicting best work of art reared and nourished in medieval age the caves in Bhimbetka bear the witnesses of the pre-historic and Palaeolithic Age. On the other hand the caves in North-Eastern state of Meghalaya amuse the spelunkers for their impassable length, mysterious turns, deep waterbodies and utter darkness. Exploring these caves enriches the travellers with information which are worth collecting to fill the knowledge bank.

* Krem Liat Prah, Meghalaya

Claimed to be the longest ever cave system in Indian subcontinent, Krem Liat Prah is located in Meghalaya’s Jaintia Hills District. The linking of the Krem um im-Liat Prah cave system to Krem labbit (Khaidong) creates a single cave system of 22,202.65 m. The cave is situated at Shnongrim Ridge and fascinates the aficionados of spelunking. The most significant feature of Liat Prah is the Aircraft Hangar, an enormous trunk passage.


* Bagh Caves, Madhya Pradesh

Located at a distance of around 97km from Dhar Town in Central India (Madhya Pradesh), Bagh Caves are assimilation of around nine rock-cut monuments. A must explore getaway for the travel buffs who are avid lovers of painting and ancient work of art, this cave depicts interesting mural paintings brought into life by the master painters of the country. This artificial caves is carved out by the renowned architects on perpendicular sandstone rock face of a hill which is situated on the distant banks of river Baghani. Dug out by Savannah, these caves are the seats of Buddhism are designed in quadrangular plan.

* Barabar Caves, Bihar

Located in the Bela Ganj Block of Gaya district, Bihar, Barabar Caves are a group of rock cut caves which date back to 264-225 B.C. Four separate chambers of this cave are designed according to the instructions of Asoka with a high polish by the stone masons. The caves of Lomas Rishi and Sudama have strong resemblance with beehive huts formed with bamboo, wood, and thatch. The Sudama cave encloses a barrel-vaulted chamber which is known as Nigoha-Kubha or Banyan tree cave. The facade of Lomas Rishi Cave exhibit horseshoe-shaped gable which have fine detailing on it.


* Varaha Caves, Tamil Nadu

A specimen of 7th century work of art, Varaha Cave Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mamallapuram. The greatest example of rock-cut architecture flourished during Pallava Dynasty this small jewel of South India splurges the visitors to get bathed in the pool of immense artistic gracefulness. The minute detailing on the walls, doorways and plinth of this cave temple talks about the primitive architectural reformation in the then Mahabalipuram. Temple is entered through mandapa where beautiful verandah with two pillars and two semi-columns greets the travellers. The walls of the cave depict the images of Lord Varaha (similar to wild boar) holding his wife Bhumi. The cave temple of Varaha is claimed to be one of the greatest works of Pallava art. The cave depicts early stage in Dravidian architecture with Buddhist designs working simultaneously.

* Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra

One of the most attention-seeking architectural grandeurs in the glorious historical past of India, Ajanta Caves is located at a distance of 55kms from Jalgaon city and 105kms from Aurangabad City of Maharashtra, India. This chain of caves encloses total 30 blocks among which cave no 9, 10, 19, 26 and 29 are chaitya-grihas. Other caves are monasteries. Most of the paintings in Ajanta date back to earlier 2nd century BC-AD while a lot of paintings are of around 5th century AD. The paintings of this cave display are mostly inspired by religious ideology of Buddhism. The paintings are executed on mud-plaster grounds in the tempera technique.

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