For attainment of salvation, which is the ultimate objective of humankind, three paths have been enunciated in Indic holy scriptures, expounded by ancient sages: Jnana Yoga, Karma Yoga and Bhakti Yoga.
Jnana Yoga is acquiring knowledge about the existence of God and the temporary nature of this material world. Karma Yoga is earnest efforts to realise Atamtatva, an inseparable part of Paramtatva, and to render selfless service to Creation. Bhakti Yoga is unconditional surrender unto the lotus feet of the Lord and a firm conviction that you belong to God and God belongs to you and both are one entity.
Inculcating more of satoguna and relinquishing rajoguna and tamogunas, that is, realisation about the existence of God (the ultimate truth), detachment from the material world, and overcoming egocentric desires (I, me and mine) are important milestones towards that end. In the ultimate analysis, to be one with God, we need to transcend these three gunas, because they also have a binding factor.
The human body is a creation of nature and, therefore, mutable, while the soul derives from God and is, consequently, eternal. It is human susceptibility to tamoguna and rajoguna that binds us to the material world and makes us suffer. Transcendence from these gunas releases us from the short-lived pleasures of earthly existence and we become one with ‘Sat-Chit-Anand’, where there is no ego, but only a state of bliss. The moment this knowledge dawns upon us, that moment is the attainment of nirvana.
DISCLAIMER : Views expressed above are the author's own.