Ram Navami is a spring festival celebrated in North India every year in April or May with zeal and enthusiasm. It is a Hindu festival celebrated to mark the birth of Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The festival falls on the ninth day of Shukla Paksha in the Hindu calendar in the month of Chaitra. The day concurs with the ninth and concluding day of Chaitra Navratri, a day dedicated to the ninth incarnation of Goddess Durga also known as Siddhidatri. On this day, devotees perform the Kanya Pujan and also worship Lord Rama for peace and prosperity. This year the festival of Ram Navami will be celebrated on April 21. Here is how you can perform the puja on this day.
The Navami tithi will begin at 12:43 am on April 21 and will end at 12:35 am on April 22. The muhurat for Ram Navami madhyahna will begin at 11:02 am and end at 1:38 pm on April 21.
The Puja is performed during the madhayhna period (the middle of the day) as it is believed that Lord Rama was born at this time of the day. This is the most auspicious time of the day to offer prayers to this avatar of Lord Vishnu.
Here are the ingredients that are needed to perform the Ram Navami Puja.
A wooden chowki
A piece of new yellow cloth
An idol or photo frame of Lord Rama
Water in a kalash
Uncooked Rice or Akshat
A janeu (sacred thread)
Paan and supari
Diya or brass lamp
Oil or ghee and cotton wicks
For Panchamrit: Banana, ghee, curd, honey and raw milk
How to do the puja
Many devotees observe eight prahar fasting (from sunrise to sunset) on Ram Navami. If you want, you can observe the fast and break it in the evening after the sunset or just stay in the fasted state till the puja and have normal food after that.
Begin your puja by offering the salutations to Lord Ganesha. In the Hindu religion, any puja that begins without invoking Lord Ganesha is considered incomplete. After this start the rituals by doing a Dhyanam. Put the cloth on the wooden chowki and carefully place the idol or the frame of Lord Rama on top of it. Start with offering water to the deity's feet. Subsequently, offer kalava, janeu, haldi, chandan, kumkum, flowers, fruits, Tulsi leaves, coconut, paan and supari and Panchamrit in front of the idol.
Then light the incense sticks and Diya. Chant the mantras and conclude the puja by performing aarti.
Mantras to chant
It is believed that the very name of Lord Rama itself is holy and the biggest mantra. Repeating the syllables 'Ra' and 'Ma' can absolve all your sins and fulfil all your wishes. The words 'Ra' and 'Ma' contain the essence of both Panchakshari Mantra (Om Namah Shivaya) and Narayana Maha Mantra (Om Namo Narayana). So you can simply chant the name of the Lord or chant any of the below-mentioned mantras:
1. Moola Mantra
Om Shri Ramaya Namaha
2. Rama Taraka Mantra
Shri Rama Jaya Rama Jaya Jaya Rama
3. Rama Gayatri Mantra
Om Dasharathaye Vidmahe Sitavallabhaya Dhimahi, Tanno Rama Prachodayat
Shreeramchandra kripalu bhaju man haran bhavbhaya darunum |
Navakanja-lochan kanj-mukha kar-kanj, pada kanjarunam ||
Kandarp aganit amit chhabi, navnil nirad sundarum |
Pat peet manahu tarit ruchi suchi naumi janak sutavaram ||
Bhaju dinbandhu dinesh danav-daitya-vansh nikandanum |
Raghunand anandkand kaushalchand dasharath-nandnum ||
Seer mukut kundal tilak charu udaru ang vibhushanum |
Aajanubhuj shar-chaap-dhar, sangram-jit-khardushanum ||
Iti vadati-tulsidas shankar-shesh-muni-man-ranjanum |
Mam hridaya kanj nivas kuru, kamadi khal-dal-gangjnum ||